3.1. Benign Gastric Surgery: Anatomy, positions, instruments, techniques, and outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Complications and their resolution.
3.2. Malignant Gastric Surgery: Anatomy, positions, instruments, techniques, and outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Complications and their resolution.
3.3. Gastroesophageal Reflux Surgery: Anatomy, positions, instruments, techniques, and outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Complications and their resolution.
3.4. Laparoscopic Diaphragmatic Surgery: Paraesophageal hernias. Non-hiatal diaphragmatic hernias. Traumatic ruptures. Anatomy, positions, instruments, techniques, and outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Complications and their resolution.
3.5. Benign Esophageal Surgery: Anatomy, positions, instruments, techniques, and outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Complications and their resolution.
3.6. Malignant Esophageal Surgery: Anatomy, positions, instruments, techniques, and outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Complications and their resolution.
3.7. Esophageal Gastric Surgery in the ER. Esophageal and gastric perforation. Caustic ingestions. Strangulated diaphragmatic hernias. Hemorrhage. Anatomy, positions, instruments, techniques, and outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Complications and their resolution.
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