Role of major organs and systems in animals.
There is currently a huge social concern about some aspects of biology such as environmental and biosanitary problems as well as advances in biotechnology research. Future graduates in Environmental Sciences must be able to respond to such social demand. Professional flexibility is an inherent characteristic in Enviromental Sciences Graduates and allows them to acquire the specialization that society demands. In this context, training in physiology allows students to see how different animal species share common functions and mechanisms and, in turn,how they differ from other organisms at the cellular, organ or system levels. Physiology also studies the adaptations that allow animals and humans to live in very different environments. The Physiology of Environmental Science emphasizes the principles and mechanisms of different forms of life and illustrates the functional strategies that have been developed for different species, within the limits of the physical and chemical laws, to adapt to the environment in which they occur. Physiology is directly linked to some of the professional duties to be performed by future graduates, including: a) research, development and control of biotechnological processes; b) the production, processing, handling, storage, identification and quality control of materials of biological origin; c) the study of the biological effects of products of any nature and control of action; d) genetic studies and their implementation; e) ecological studies, environmental impact assessment and planning, management, operation and maintenance of populations, terrestrial and marine ecosystems and natural resources; f) scientific and technical advice on biological topics and teaching in educational levels where the minimum qualification required is university graduate.