This course examines the tools and techniques necessary for carrying out work, both investigative as well as professional, in semi-arid zones, related to the use, programming, and management of irrigation based on scientific and sustainable criteria.
The knowledge gained in this course will provide students with tools and techniques that will be useful in developing the work, both research professionals in semiarid areas related to irrigation management based on scientific criteria and sustainable.
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Analysis and synthesis capacity.
- Ability to plan and organize.
- Information management skills.
- Problem solving.
- Decision making.
- Ability to be critical and self-critical.
- Ability to work on an interdisciplinary and multicultural team.
- Ability to communicate with experts in other areas.
- Ability to apply knowledge in practice.
- Ability to generate new ideas.
- Ability to design experiments from a new idea.
- Ability to work with order and rigor.
- Rapidly incorporate and assimilate scientific advances within one's professional field, acquiring a solid foundation for performing tasks related to research, developmental, and innovational aspects of fruticulture.
- Ability to work autonomously.
- Understand and apply experimental designs in various fields of fruticulture.
- Understand the methods and technologies for determining the water requirements of crops.
- Develop watering schedules based on climatic variables, the measurement of the energy state of soil water or the plant's hydric status, both individually and combined.
- Establish deficit irrigation strategies with initiative, methodology, and critical reasoning.
Objectives (Learning outcomes)
- Calculate or estimate the irrigation water requirement by different methods
- Evaluate the water status in the soil-plant-atmosphere through the different sensors on the market, and know the scientific basis underlying the movement of water in the soil-plant-atmosphere.
- Performing previous calculations project a view to installing drip irrigation where the use and efficient and sustainable management of irrigation water are priorities.
- Scheduling irrigation according to different procedures and aims pursued
- Understanding the mechanisms of resistance that have fruit trees to water stress in each of their phenological phases.
- Plan and deficit irrigation strategies in fruit.
- To evaluate the mechanisms of resistance and crop response to salinity
- Interpret and discuss the results obtained in field trials
- Kirkham M.B. "Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations". Elsevier,.
Methodology and grading
- Case studies: Learning through the analysis of actual or simulated cases in order to interpret and resolve them by employing various alternative solution procedures.
- Lecture: Pass on knowledge and activate cognitive processes in students, encouraging their participation.
- Project-based learning: Realization of a project to solve a problem, applying acquired learning and promoting abilities related to planning, design, performing activities, and reaching conclusions.
- The following activities carried out by the student will be evaluated:
- Continuing attendance and participation in classes (20%)
- Conducting a test type test (20%)
- Carrying out a bibliographic research work, which will take into account the capacity to assimilate the information presented, the presentation of the work and the answers to the questions that can be asked (60%).