This course aims to provide skills specific to intervention by the occupational therapist in adult neurological patients, focusing on neurodevelopmental approaches to the motor control model, among which the Bobath concept and cognitive therapeutic exercise stand out. These approaches respond to the demands and needs of persons with neurological pathologies and the resources that care for them, which increasingly request professionals with greater training in this field.
The contents of this subject are focused on neurodevelopmental approaches to motor control model, highlighting the Bobath Concept and Cognitive Therapeutic Exercise. Students gain specific competencies to meet the demands and needs of adults with neurological disorders and the resources that serve them.
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Capability of applying the knowledge acquired toward solving the problems and needs of the population with neurological conditions.
- Capability of searching for documents, analyzing and synthesizing information, and writing the reports necessary for practicing occupational therapy functions.
- Ability to develop and maintain self-learning and continuous education.
- Capacity to work on teams and with the population to solve community health problems.
- Ability to communicate findings orally and in writing to specialized and non-specialized audiences.
- Recognize specific techniques of occupational therapy in the intervention of patients with neurological pathologies.
- Analyze a function, movement patterns, components, and neuromuscular activity.
- Distinguish between the differentiating characteristics of cognitive therapeutic exercise.
- Differentiate between motor and sensory elements that permit interpreting the pathology during the observation of a patient from the point of view of neurocognitive theory.
- Become qualified in the design and manufacture of splints in treating upper limb alterations in neurological patients.
- Describe the planning of treatment in an advanced manner, following the principles of motor learning oriented to tasks in occupational therapy to optimize motor function.
- Analyze the repercussions from the affectations of motor control on daily life activities.
- Distinguish between current theories of motor control related to the use of therapy with limitation of the healthy side.
- Understand the aspects of normal and pathological swallowing and make clinical and instrumental evaluations on dysphagia.
- Understand the relevance of the use of low cost technologies as rehabilitation treatment of the neurological patient and the use of different support products.
Objectives (Learning outcomes)
- Differentiate between the Bobath Concept and Cognitive Therapeutic Exercise.
- Describing the planning of treatment based on any of these intervention approaches
- Apply the principles of intervention of any of these approaches aimed at the treatment of neurological patients.
- Execute the different strategies, techniques and procedures for these specific therapeutic approaches.
- Recognize the different assistive divices often used for neurological patient positioning and sitting position.
- Knowing the process of recommendation and request the assitive divices from occupational therapy.
- Cano de la Cuerda, Roberto. Collado Vázquez, Susana. "Neurorrehabilitación Métodos específicos de valoración y tratamiento /". Buenos Aires ; Madrid bMédica Panamericana D.L. 2012.
- Ibáñez Ivern, Rafael. Ponce Gascón, Mercáe. "Manual de vendajes, yesos y férulas. Vendajes funcionales. Técnicas del masaje". [Barcelona] Monsa-Prayma 2007.
- Perfetti, Carlo. Ghedina, Roberta / Jiménez Hernández, Daniel. "El ejercicio terapéutico cognoscitivo para la reeducación motora del hemiplejico adulto". Barcelona Edika-Med 1999.
- Polonio López, Begoña coord. / Romero Ayuso, Dulce María coord. / Bascones, Luis Miguel coaut. "Terapia ocupacional aplicada al daño cerebral adquirido". Madrid [etc.] Editorial Médica Panamericana 2010.
- Rohlfs, Bettina Paeth. "Experiencias con el concepto Bobath fundamentos, tratamiento, casos". Madrid [etc.] Médica Panamericana 2000.
- Zambudio Periago, Ramón. "Prótesis, órtesis y ayudas técnicas". Barcelona [etc.] Elsevier Masson D.L. 2009.
Methodology and grading
- Case studies: Learning through the analysis of actual or simulated cases in order to interpret and resolve them by employing various alternative solution procedures.
- Cooperative learning: Develop active learning through cooperative working strategies among students and promote shared responsibility to reach group goals.
- Problem-based learning: Develop active learning strategies through problem solving that promote thinking, experimentation, and decision making in the student.
- Solving exercises and problems: Exercise, test, and apply previous knowledge through routine repetition.
- - Continuous evaluation of work done during the theoretical and practical classes, rated from 0 to 10. 40% of the final grade.
- Written exam test at the end of the course type, rated from 0 to 10. 60% of the final grade.
- It is necessary to have passed both parts with a grade equal or superior to take the final five point average.
CONSIDERATIONS: To pass you must go to 80% of the course. Absences due to illness, duly justified, do not reduce the final grade. For the accreditation of the units and cognitive Bobath Therapeutic Exercise must go to all the hours corresponding to the same class. If the student has previously completed these modules can validate them by presenting the diploma to justify it but must take the final exam of the subject as well. In addition, it must show a document proving knowledge of this condition in writing and signed by him.