The most prevalent nosological entities in clinical practice affecting the respiratory system, analyzing their incidence, etiology, pathophysiology, structural lesions, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prognosis, and medical or surgical treatment.
Pulmonology is the branch of medicine that deals with the physiology and pathology of the respiratory system. Its basic purpose is the study of etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathophysiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of respiratory diseases. The diagnostic and therapeutic principles of respiratory medicine are similar to those of internal medicine, although there are aspects that clearly distinguish both specialties. The most important aspect is the differential dependency and mastery of the techniques that are specific as they are, in the field of diagnosis, analysis of lung function, respiratory or thoracic endoscopy, cardiorespiratory polygraphy and polysomnography, and in the therapeutic setting, mechanical ventilation, interventional bronchoscopy and rehabilitation.