## Basic principles

### Teaching unit

### Description

Physics is presented as an experimental science. We analyze the role of physics in the world. It defines necessary physical and mathematical concepts throughout the course. It describes the motion of a material point, distinguishing between inertial frames and non-inertial. It analyzes the motion of a particle and a system of particles using Newton's laws and conservation laws (energy, momentum and angular momentum).

### Objectives

Explain in your own words the more applied engineering concepts of classical mechanics and thermodynamics: among others, the errors in the measurements, significant figures, quantities and units, inertial reference, describing the motion magnitudes (absolute or relative) strength and types of force, work, potential energy, kinetic energy, center mass, moment of inertia, angular momentum balance, types of deformation (linear, angular and volume), characteristics of the oscillatory motion, pressure and others fluid properties, characteristics of ideal gases, temperature, temperature scales, and energy transfers between ideal gases, are considered important

Apply concepts and basic principles of classical mechanics and thermodynamics approach to problems of interest in engineering: among others, the dimensional analysis, significant figures, the description of dynamic movement or energy policies, the equilibrium conditions, the relationship between strain and stress, oscillations, the simple and damped harmonic motion, the characteristics of the fluids, the principle of state of ideal gas, and energy transfers and their characteristics, are considered important

Use tools to resolve, from a macroscopic point of view, interest in problems related to classical mechanics and thermodynamics engineering tools: among others, exponents and roots, arithmetic relations in scientific notation, quadratic equations, logarithms, exponential function, perimeters, areas and volumes of geometric figures, angles, trigonometric functions, identities and laws, derivatives and integrals

Actively participate in group tasks included in the methodology of the subject

Reflect on the application of the concepts and basic principles of classical mechanics and thermodynamics to engineering devices of interest

To evaluate the results of peers and the rest of the class about analyzing situations of interest in engineering related to Classical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

### Subjects

#### Lecture topics

- Basic concepts
- Cinematic
- Newton's Laws
- Conservation laws

#### Laboratory topics

- Newton's Laws
- Centripetal force