Course instructors are responsible for the course content descriptions in English.
The most prevalent nosological entities in daily clinical practice affecting the hematological system, analyzing their incidence, etiology, pathophysiology, structural lesions, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prognosis, and medical or surgical treatment.
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Understand and recognize the effects, mechanisms, and manifestations of disease on the structure and functions of the human body.
- Understand and recognize causative agents and risk factors that determine health status and disease development.
- Comprehend and recognize the effects of growth, development, and aging on the individual and his/her social environment.
- Understand the basics of action, indications, and efficacy of therapeutic interventions based on available scientific evidence.
- Acquire and prepare a medical history that contains all the relevant information.
- Perform a physical examination and mental health assessment.
- Be capable of formulating an initial diagnosis and establishing a rational diagnostic strategy.
- Recognize and treat immediate life-threatening situations and others requiring immediate attention.
- Establish the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment, applying principles based on the best information available and under conditions of clinical safety.
- Indicate the most appropriate therapy for the most prevalent acute and chronic processes, as well as for patients in terminal stages.
- Raise and propose appropriate preventive measures for each clinical situation.
- Acquire appropriate clinical experience in hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare institutions, under supervision, as well as basic knowledge of patient-centered health management and the appropriate use of tests, medications, and other health system resources.
- Listen attentively, obtaining and synthesizing information relevant to the problems affecting the patient, understanding the content of this information.
- Write case histories and other medical records that are comprehensible to third parties.
- Knowledge and use of the principles of medicine based on the (best) evidence.
- Recognize, diagnose, and guide management of the major blood disorders.
- Knowledge of tumor diseases, their diagnosis, and management.
- Assess the risk/benefit ratio of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
- Understand the indications of biochemical, hematological, immunological, microbiological, anatomopathological, and imaging tests.
- Thromboembolic prophylaxis.
- Know how to use drugs appropriately.
Objectives (Learning outcomes)
- 01Diagnosis and treatment in a patient with anemia. How to establish the differential diagnosis between different types of anemia
- 02Aplastic anemia. Differential diagnosis between bone marrow faillure and peripheral pancytopenias. Management of bone marrow faillure
- 03Crinical and biological criteria for Acute Leukemias , Chronic Myeloprolipherative Syndromes, Chronic Linphopholiphertive Syndromes.
- 04Clinical evaluation of the patient with bleeding diseases. Thrombocytopenia, Platelets disfunction, Hemophilia and Disseminatet Intravascular Coagulation.
- 05Anticoagulation indications. Anticoagulant drugs. Mangement of thromboprophilaxis in surgery and medical patients. How to define thrombophilia and its clinical implications
- 06Blood transfusion and clinical indications. Undesirable effects of blood transfusion. Management of massive bleeding.
Association between objectives and units
Methodology and grading
- Case studies: Learning through the analysis of actual or simulated cases in order to interpret and resolve them by employing various alternative solution procedures.
- Cooperative learning: Develop active learning through cooperative working strategies among students and promote shared responsibility to reach group goals.
- Learning agreement: Develop active learning through an agreement between the teacher and the student containing commitments for what will be learned, how monitoring will take place for that learning, the set period of time, and the evaluation criteria.
- Solving exercises and problems: Exercise, test, and apply previous knowledge through routine repetition.
Evaluation of June: Exam of questions of multiple choice (60%), questions with short answers (40%).
For September and December evaluations, the evaluation will be 6 PRAC questions.