Agro-ecological environment and its environmental compartments. Soil as a crucial center for sustainable fertility of the system: its functions and capabilities, role in climate change and carbon sequestration, fertility reserve at the genetic level, crop protection, quality indicators, and agro-ecological edaphic management practices that favor increased biodiversity and sustainable production under adverse conditions. Autonomous development of composted materials from authorized organic materials. Role of water in agro-ecological systems, the sources, nature, and requirements to achieve with respect to the origin and quality of this resource in agro-ecological production, as well as sustainable irrigation systems, control of salinity and sodium in agro-ecological environments.
Main sources of pollution and waste associated with agro-ecological activity, both agricultural and livestock. Effects of salinity on plants due to agro-ecological activity. Mechanisms of plant adaptation and tolerance to salinity, agro-ecological alternatives. Biological alternatives to managing and treating organic waste resulting from agro-ecological activity, energy recovery.
Competencies and learning outcomes
- Analyze and synthesize information available about agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Organize and plan various projects related to agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Manage the information available for use in day-to-day work related to agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Resolve problems in the field of agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Make decisions based on prior knowledge and given circumstances in the field of agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Be capable of adapting to new situations that may arise in the day-to-day work related to the field of agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Be able to work independently in the field of agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Be concerned with quality in order to achieve the best results in work related to agroecology, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Understand the operations of agroecological systems and recognize the keys for agricultural system sustainability.
- Identify the environmental risks and impact deriving from agricultural activities.
- Understand legislation and regulatory framework related to ecological production systems, rural development, and agro-tourism.
- Ability to diagnose the available resources in new rural settings (architectural, social, and cultural heritage; local products, biodiversity of flora and fauna, agricultural practices, and conversion options) to promote sustainability and rural development.
- Capability of making judgments based on scientific and technical information, acquired knowledge, and personal reflections in order to prepare reports and communicate with multidisciplinary teams.
Objectives (Learning outcomes)
- Knowing the components, properties and behavior associated with agricultural soil
- Being able to assess the quality of the soil and its potential role in sustainability of rural environment
- Being able to apply criteria for evaluating water for irrigation use and analyze the potential environmental risks associated with these practices.
- Knowing the role of organic matter in soil fertility and crop production
- Being able to reuse organic wastes as soil organic amendments and even as long-acting organic fertilizer
- Being able to contribute at scientific and technical level to the agricultural management in an environment-friendly and sustainable scenario taking into account land management, irrigation water and organic fertilization
- know the main environmental risks associated with agricultural media, and the nature and type of processes and pollutants that cause degradation
- Knowing the dynamics and diffusion in the environment of pollutants, to be able to minimize their migration between different environmental compartments
- Sustainably manage the fertilization of agricultural system, through the proper use of organic and inorganic fertilizers, knowing the potential risks of its misuse and dosage
- Knowing the impact that pesticide products have on the environment, their persistence and their interactions in soil
- Know what are the possible negative environmental impacts of livestock
- Moreno Casco, Joaquín / Moral Herrero, Raúl. "Compostaje". Madrid Mundi-Prensa 2008.
- Porta Casanellas, Jaime. López-Acevedo Reguerín, Marta / Roquero de Laburu, Carlos. "Edafología para la agricultura y el medio ambiente". Madrid Mundi-Prensa 1994.
- Aguilar Ruiz, A. / Roca Roca, Antonio / Martínez Raya, A. "Evaluación y manejo de suelos". Granada (Copisteria la Gioconda) 1996.
- Cobertera Laguna, Eugenio. "Edafología aplicada suelos, producción agraria, planificación territorial e impactos ambientales". Madrid Cátedra 1993.
- González Fernández, Pedro ed. / Alcántara Gámez, Julio M. coaut. / García Torres, Luis ed. "Agricultura de conservación fundamentos agronómicos, medioambientales y económicos". Córdoba Asociación Española Laboreo de Conservación-Suelos Vivos D.L. 1997.
- Gil Ribes, Jesús / Blanco-Roldán, Gregorio L. / Rodríguez-Lizana, Antonio. "Técnicas de agricultura de conservación". Madrid Mundi-Prensa Eumedia cop. 2004.
- Labrador Moreno, Juana. "La materia orgánica en los agrosistemas". Madrid MAPA Mundi-Prensa D.L.1996.
- Labrador Moreno, Juana / Porcuna, José Luis / Bello, Antonio Bello Pérez. "Manual de agricultura y ganadería ecológica". Madrid Eumedia Mundi-Prensa 2002.
- Huerta, Oscar ed. "Proceso y destino del compost, formación, información e interrelaciones entre los agentes del sector ponencias y comunicaciones de las I Jornadas de la Red Española de Compostaje: 6, 7, 8 y 9 de febrero de 2008". Barcelona Red Española de Compostaje Universitat Politáecnica de Catalunya, Escola Superior d'Agricultura de Barcelona 2009.
- Porta Casanellas, Jaime. López-Acevedo Reguerín, Marta / Poch Claret, Rosa M. "Introducción a la edafología uso y protección de suelos". Madrid Mundi-Prensa 2011.
- Domáenech, Xavier. "Química del suelo el impacto de los contaminantes". Madrid Miraguano ediciones 1997.
- Flor Masedo, María Montserrat de la. LOBETE HUERTAS, Francisco. "Contaminación por metales pesados (Cu y Zn) en suelos afectados por purines de cerdo en la provincia de Segovia biodisponibilidad de estos contaminantes y problemática ambiental". Segovia Caja de Ahorros, Obra Social y Cultural D.L. 1996.
- Flórez Serrano, Javier. "Agricultura ecológica manual y guía didáctica". Madrid Mundi-Prensa 2009.
- Orozco Barrenetxea, Carmen. "Problemas resueltos de Contaminación Ambiental Cuestiones y problemas resueltos". Madrid [etc.] Thomson D.L. 2004.
- Orozco Barrenetxea, Carmen. "Contaminación ambiental Una visión desde la Química". Madrid Thomson D.L. 2008.
- Allen, Herbert E. ed. lit. "Metal speciation and contamination of soil". Boca Raton [etc.] Lewis cop. 1995.
- Labrador Moreno, Juana / Porcuna, José Luis / Bello, Antonio Bello Pérez. "Manual de agricultura y ganadería ecológica". Madrid Eumedia Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación 2006.
- García Martínez, Antón. "Buenas prácticas en producción ecológica Caracterización del sector porcino". [Madrid] Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, Secretaría General Técnica 2008.
Methodology and grading
- Case studies: Learning through the analysis of actual or simulated cases in order to interpret and resolve them by employing various alternative solution procedures.
- Learning agreement: Develop active learning through an agreement between the teacher and the student containing commitments for what will be learned, how monitoring will take place for that learning, the set period of time, and the evaluation criteria.
- Lecture: Pass on knowledge and activate cognitive processes in students, encouraging their participation.
- Solving exercises and problems: Exercise, test, and apply previous knowledge through routine repetition.
- Criteria and methods of evaluation shall be carried out in accordance with two general forms of assessment, to which the student can choose:
Mode A. Evaluation with single assessment: You will pass an examination at the end of the activities of the course, located into the the official schedule of exams. This exam will consist on a mixed composition of short questions, test questions and applied problems linked to the theoretical contents (75%), of the course. The minimum required to pass this course is 5 to 10 in this exam. An additional test about laboratory work (25%) will be performed only by the students who did not attend practice and/or not supplying the laboratory portfolio properly completed.
Mode B. Continuous Assessment:
In this evaluation, the student must accept a contract of apprenticeship, which is to make online activities (B.1) and classroom activities (B.2) to build their student portfolio:
B.1. Online activities (75% of the final grade):
a) Overcoming test exams at the end of each unit, developed in e-learning platform.
b) Performance of different theoretical and practical activities, such us questionnaires of short questions, solve problems, case studies, etc.
c) Participation in educational blog discussion on the subject matters
B.2. Classroom activities (25% of the final grade):
d) Attendance at scheduled laboratory practices and completion of the lab section of the portfolio.